Shah Jahan assumed his kingdom by snatching it away from his father Jahangir and putting him in jail. However the same fate awaited him in his life. Shah Jahan is remembered much more than Jahangir and that is largely because of his excellent buildings at ShahJahanabad and more famously the Taj Mahal
Shah Jahan had a wife called Mumtaz. She was so beautiful that the moon hid itself in shame before her said the poets. He loved her deeply and was pained that she was going to die. He asked her what he could do to immortalise their love and she told him the famous words
Build me the most beautiful monument of love in the world.
And so upon Mumtaz's death, Shah Jahan used the finest of marble and built the Taj Mahal as her tomb. The entire Taj Mahal is built of purest white marble. Mumtaz is buried there.
Shah Jahan's son Aurangazeb was a fanatic. Since he was the youngest son, he could not become king and so decided to kill all his elder brothers. He was Shah Jahan's favourite son but instead put him in jail in horrible circumstances. Whereas Shah Jahan had treated his father Jahangir well in jail, Aurangazeb was cruel. He allowed his father a small room with just a tiny opening. And he told him that opening was for him to view the Taj Mahal and die looking at it. No one was allowed into Shah Jahan's jail except his daughter who fed him once a day.
Shah Jahan spent years just looking at the Taj Mahal and died. His story is sad, but the monument he built is everlasting. Undoubtedly the finest creation of mankind, it stands a testimony to eternal love.
Today the Taj Mahal is always under dispute. The British broke parts of it and tried to take the entire monument to rebuild in London, The Pakistan Army wanted to attack it. Also several Muslim fanatic groups claim it as theirs. But the Taj stands still, a reminder to the golden era of India, a monument of love, compassion and tragedy.